The ever expanding scientific research in the field provides athletes and their coaches with the best available principles and concepts to use to maximize sports performance, and of course – to win – something that can be worth billions of dollars in professional sports.

Cutting-edge equipment and technology is continually studied and iterated upon, with the aim of improving practice and performance in sports.

Currently in the sports performance world, the main topic that is being discussed, studied and implemented is monitoring technologies that provide a wide array of data regarding a player’s fitness, workloads and fatigue status, to inform decisions regarding training and recovery options for minimizing injury risk and optimizing performance.

Workload monitoring tools like microtechnology, including microsensors and accelerometers, have become popular and measure the physical demands placed on athletes during training and competition, such as accelerations and decelerations.

Fatigue monitoring tools, such as testing devices that measure workload and monitor physiological responses to competition demands (such as blood lactate and heart rate), provide coaches, medical staff, sports performance staff and scientists with a better understanding of how the athlete is responding to training load, competition demands and non-training stressors.

Fatigue and workload monitoring tools are already changing the sports world – and will likely continue to change it – for example, by perhaps reducing the number of games in a professional basketball season, to help athletes avoid fatigue and enable them to perform at the highest level with low risk of injury, to the benefit – socially and financially – of all of the sports industry.